Effectiveness of Papaya Seed Solution and Avocado Seed As Larvicide of Mosquitoes Aedes sp.

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Laila Safitri
Muhammad Irfa'i
Syarifudin A.
Arifin Arifin

Abstract

Mosquito Aedes sp. is a species of mosquito in tropical and subtropical regions that are vectors for transmitting the dengue virus to man through the bite; with that, there is a need for existence, effort prevention, and a control-friendly alternative environment using larvicide vegetables that are solution seed fruit papaya (Carica papaya L.) and seeds fruit avocado (Persea americana). The study aims to determine the effectiveness of seed fruit papaya (Carica papaya L.) and seed fruit avocado (Persea americana) on the larval mortality of Aedes sp. Type study This is a post-test-only group design. The population is the third instar larva of Aedes sp. The sample used 1,200 larvae of Aedes sp. on each solution of seed fruit papaya and seed fruit avocado, with variations of 6 doses that are 0%, 2%, 4%, 6%, 8%, and 10%. Concentration variation of mosquito larvicide from papaya seeds (Carica papaya L.) and avocado seeds (Persea americana), with the highest concentration of 10% resulting in the death of mosquito larvae as high as 72% and 88%, respectively. The effective concentration at Lc50 found is 6% for papaya seed solution (Carica papaya L.) and 4% for avocado seed solution (Persea americana).

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